Dyslexia is a learning challenge that makes it hard to read, write, and spell. Experts don’t know for sure what causes dyslexia, but it often runs in families.
What are the symptoms?
Signs of dyslexia in children who are too young for school include:
- Talking later than expected
- Being slow to learn new words.
- Problems rhyming
- Problems following directions that have many steps.
After a child begins school, the signs of dyslexia include:
- Problems reading single words, such as a word on a flash card.
- Problems linking letters with sounds.
- Confusing small words, such as “at” and “to”.
- Reversing the shapes of written letters such as “d” for “b”. For example, the child may write “dat” for “bat”.
- Writing words backwards, such as “tip” for “pit”.
If your child has one of these signs, it does not mean that he or she has dyslexia. Many children reverse letters before age 7. But if your child has several signs, and reading problems, or if there is a family history of dyslexia, you may want to have your